The increasing number of obese have led to an increase in the number of people suffering from sleep apnea – pauses in breathing during sleep, which can threaten diseases such as myocardial infarction or stroke, told RIA Novosti interviewed experts.
“After two US studies with an interval of ten years, the scientists were surprised to find that during this time, the frequency of sleep apnea increased by almost 10%, that is, if the beginning of the study, it was 2-4% in the population, in ten years – more than 10%. This is attributed to the increase in the number of people with obesity,” — said the head of the division of sleep medicine Moscow medical University named after I. M. Sechenov (the”first med”) Mikhail Poluektov.
He added that sleep apnea is a separate risk factor for serious diseases such as myocardial infarction, cerebral stroke and atherosclerosis, besides the lack of oxygen worsens the mental abilities of the person.
“The presence of this condition weakens the cardiovascular system, accelerates the development of atherosclerosis and in the end dramatically increases the development of life-threatening conditions,” explained Poluektov.
In turn, the head of the center for sleep medicine at Moscow University cardiologist and sleep Alexander Kalinkin said that sleep apnea disrupts the production of many hormones, especially growth hormone which has an anabolic function — this leads to the fact that obesity is supported.
“Persons with sleep apnea, clinical signs of which is snoring, it is difficult to lose weight, if you do not resolve respiratory problems and fragmentation of sleep,” — said Kalinkin.
In most cases, according to experts, to eliminate apnea during sleep using special breathing equipment.
Earlier, Deputy Prime Minister of Russia Tatyana Golikova said, only for 2017 the number of people with obesity in Russia increased by 6% and amounted to about 2 million people, including nearly 322 thousand children.