High blood sugar: What are the warning signs?
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According to Diabetes UK, more than 13 million Britons are considered “at risk” for type 2 diabetes, and in large part this is due to being overweight and eating an unhealthy diet. Some foods can cause your blood sugar to climb to dangerous levels, whereas others can regulate your blood sugar reading. These are the symptoms of high blood sugar, and foods to eat to lower your reading.
High blood sugar is also known as hyperglycaemia and it happens when the levels of glucose in your blood get too high.
People with diabetes are most likely to experience high blood sugar.
This is because diabetic people don’t produce a substance called insulin.
Insulin breaks down the glucose in your blood and allows it to be converted into energy for your cells.
Because diabetics can’t do this, the glucose stays in their bloodstream, causing high blood sugar.
What are the symptoms of high blood sugar?
The symptoms of high blood sugar can take hours or even days to present themselves, this is why diabetic people regularly check their blood sugar levels and have to be very careful with their diet.
According to the NHS, the symptoms of high blood pressure can include:
- Increased thirst
- Dry mouth
- Needing to pee frequently
- Blurred vision
- Weight loss
- Recurrent infections, such as thrush, bladder infections (cystitis) and skin infections
- Tummy pain
- Feeling or being sick
- Fruity-smelling breath
If you have these symptoms, you could have undiagnosed diabetes.
Any suspicion of diabetes must be checked out by your GP, if diabetes is left untreated and unmanaged, it can cause severe complications.
If high blood pressure is left untreated over a long period of time, it can cause damage to your organs, especially your heart, eyes, feet and kidneys.
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What foods can lower your blood sugar?
Changing your diet can’t manage diabetes alone, you need to seek medical advice from a doctor.
However, in addition to prescribing you medicine, and referring you to a diabetes specialist, you will need to avoid foods causing blood sugar spikes.
Foods high in sugar and high in carbohydrates, which turn to glucose as your body breaks them down, can cause dangerous blood sugar spikes.
Other foods can help regulate your blood sugar, reducing your risk of hyperglycaemia.
Fibre-rich nutritious foods can prevent blood sugar spikes.
Some foods to help regulate blood sugar include:
- Beans and lentils
- Chia seeds
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