Smoking during pregnancy is dangerous birth defects in children. These include cleft palate (cleft lip), sudden infant death syndrome and heart disease. Now scientists have discovered that addiction of the mother can affect the psyche of the child, increasing the risk of developing schizophrenia.
Experts often report that Smoking during pregnancy poses a threat to mental health of the child.
Schizophrenia Bipolar affective disorder Manic-depressive syndrome Mental disorders Cleft lip Congenital heart disease
One study conducted in 2013 by the specialists of the Medical center of Columbia University (USA) found a link between Smoking and an increased risk of bipolar disorder in offspring.
NonsenseHallucinations Auditory hallucinationsApathy Cognitive impairmentDepression
Now the team has published important new data: children born to mothers who smoked during pregnancy were 38% more likely to develop schizophrenia.
977 cases of schizophrenia for 15 years
The researchers analyzed data from a national registry of all live births in Finland between 1983 and 1998. Among them were identified 977 cases of schizophrenia.
Of particular interest were the blood tests of expectant mothers, taken in the first and second trimester of pregnancy. They checked for the presence of cotinine of nicotine biomarker used to determine exposure to tobacco smoke.
Scientists have discovered that the a higher level cotinine in blood samples of pregnant women is associated with greater risk of schizophrenia in future offspring.Compared to children of non-Smoking mothers tobacco depend women were 38% more likely to develop schizophrenia.
Today, the study definitively proved the relationship of schizophrenia in children and Smoking during pregnancy. Avoiding harmful habits is potentially able to reduce the incidence of this dangerous mental disorder.