The bad news: almost all the shots that you did in childhood, stopped working when you were 20-25 years. Good: you have this guide that will tell you all about revaccination for adults.
As to whether you need vaccinations?
Yes, in recent years, doctors have increasingly noted outbreaks of disease due to the fact that people refuse this procedure. For example, measles and diphtheria – these diseases can die the whole family. But once mass vaccination has largely eliminated them.
If vaccination is so effective, then why do people get sick after vaccination?
Rare stuff gives absolute protection, so sometimes vaccinated people still get infected and hurt. But this is the exception rather the rule: certified and approved by international organizations vaccine is very reliable. Have a vaccination against hepatitis b efficiency 95 %, from flu shots to 90. And even if you do get sick after vaccination, the disease will pass to you much easier and will not leave any complications.
What vaccinations do I do?
1. Measles, rubella and mumps
They need to be repeated every 10 years. These diseases are particularly dangerous during pregnancy. Infection with measles leads to congenital heart defects, deafness and blindness in the fetus. Measles can result in death to both mom and embryo. Mumps (mumps) in the early stages sometimes cause a miscarriage due to severe intoxication.
2. Against diphtheria, tetanus and pertussis
All this – a severe disease, frequently leading to complications and even death. Vaccinated against them need to be repeated every 10 years. Or every pregnancy in early third trimester (regardless of when you last had a tetanus booster is necessary in order to-child transmitted antibodies).
3. Hepatitis A and b
Vaccination against hepatitis A is required each time in 20 years. Hepatitis b should be vaccinated people at risk (health workers, patieny with renal insufficiency; people who often change sexual partners). But some doctors believe that vaccination is necessary for all adults because, in theory, you can become infected even with treatment at the dentist. This vaccine is called the first anti-cancer vaccine because it protects against the development of dangerous complications of infection include cirrhosis and liver cancer.
4. From the HPV virus
Vaccination against HPV types not included in the MLA, and it is expensive: about 10 thousand rubles in Moscow clinics. But it should be done, especially for women. Cervical cancer is one of the most common cancers in women, and causes this virus. Men, this dose is also needed in order not to become a carrier. And sometimes – and to avoid infection by some strains can start the malignant process and in the male body.
She’s a pox. Adults suffer this disease much harder than the children. But even if you had been ill in childhood, with age, the immune system can weaken. You can check this by making a special sample.
6. From meningitis
Vaccination is recommended for adults, which are often found in large groups. For example, students and military personnel. Especially in large cities.
This vaccination should be done every 5 years if you are over 65, smoke, or often in hospitals. Yet it can designate if you frequently suffer from bronchitis and pneumonia – in this case, consult your doctor.
From flu need to get vaccinated every year after 50 years or on the testimony of: for example, if you often travel on public transport and dealing with a large number of people.
Do not worry that you have to isolate all hands: a vaccine to protect from several diseases. For example, one shot can get vaccinated against diphtheria, pertussis and tetanus.
And how it to catch?
Contact your physician (or pediatrician if you want to vaccinate the child). The doctor will help to make a schedule. He will examine you and check that there are no contraindications. Sometimes, before introducing the vaccine, it is necessary to take a blood test for antibodies. Perhaps you already have immunity to the virus: this happens, for example, with measles. In some cases it occurs in a latent form – the person may not even know that you have been ill and “earned” immunity.
Some vaccines are sold in pharmacies and you can enter them yourself. But doctors do not advise to do: there is always a small risk of anaphylactic shock because of allergies. In this case you will need urgent medical care. Besides, some drugs are very strict requirements for storage. Can inexperience accidentally “killing” vaccine, and it will be absolutely useless.
They have with each drug. For example, pregnant women cannot be vaccinated with attenuated viruses – they contain the vaccine for measles, rubella, mumps and varicella. Children under 6 months cannot be vaccinated against the flu, and people with hypersensitivity to yeast – from hepatitis B. it’s all in the instructions to the drug.
The only absolute contraindication for all medications – is a severe allergic reaction to vaccine components or previous dose of the same remedy.
In the article “medical insurance: what health services you should have a free in 2018,” tell you what vaccinations can be done at the expense of the state.