Generic elavil canada no prescription

Viral RNA, immune response and helper cells: reporting in times of Corona often resembles a training course in basics of biology. Over a aspect have been reported in the past few weeks, most often: anti body. At Covid-19, they are formed mostly at the end of the first week of illness and remain afterwards for some time in the blood of Convalescent. The question is, however: How long?

It is unclear yet if and how well the anti-body against re-infection with the Coronavirus can protect. In the fight against the Virus has a crucial role to play, particularly in the so-called neutralizing antibodies. This can for example, bind to viruses and pathogens prevent them from getting into human cells. Experts hope that antibodies contribute to a genesener man remains, at least for a time, against the Coronavirus immune, so for a certain window of time not a second Time with the same pathogen can infect.

Search vaccine

Expert of the WHO: "For the way out of this pandemic, there is no Abkürzungen"

Antibodies are not only caused by natural infection with the Coronavirus, which could also be detected in the blood of vaccinated test subjects in several clinical studies. This is interpreted as evidence that certain Corona vaccines trigger an immune reaction in the body; an important step to further, larger-scale studies in which the efficacy of the vaccine candidate is to be examined. In the room the question is: Can protect the vaccines actually also against infection with the Coronavirus, or the course of the disease, at least, mitigated?

Studies suggested that the antibody may decrease the concentration within a few weeks after recovering from infection significantly. Since then, many ask: What is the impact on a possible immunity against Sars-Cov-2 has? And what is the impact on the vaccine development?

Clemens Wendtner, chief of infectious diseases and tropical medicine at the Klinikum Schwabing, not appeased: “Even if the first results in a partial loss of neutralizing antibodies in Covid-19-patients’ point out, means this, that this goes hand in hand with a loss of the immunity to the Virus.” Reports of possible Re-infections with the Coronavirus had to the last stirred up the fear that there could be no immunity against the pathogen or that this only lasts a very short. Wendtner considers these portrayals, however, was not convincing: “To date, 19 patients with Sars-CoV has been no clear Re-infection, and from convalescent Covid–2 reported.”

T-cells in focus

Wendtner refers to another possibility of the immune system, which seems to play in addition to antibodies, an important role in the fight against the Coronavirus: the so-called T-cells. You are one of the lymphocytes, a sub-group of white blood cells, and can detect foreign to the body structures and combat. For example, there are T-cells, the virus-infected body kill its own cells. Other enable so-called B-cells, which then form antibodies.


2.8 million cases alone in the Region of New York: data high Corona close set-dark dial

“The first Work to show that T cells from convalescent Covid-19 -patient-specific protein molecules of the Sars-CoV-2-detect Virus,” says Wendtner. “Patients who had survived 2003, the first Sars infection, showed still the so-called T-memory cells also reacted against the new Sars-CoV-2 Virus.” This may be an indication that it comes after surviving infection to a kind of immune memory against the pathogen.

“First results indicate that the Sars-CoV-2 Virus that triggers the right is universal in most patients, with a wide and strong B – and T-cell response,” says Julian Schulze zur Wiesch, Chief physician of the section of infectious diseases at the UKE in Hamburg. He also refers to experiences with other viruses: “From the antibodies the course of other viral infections, such as, of course, healed up Hepatitis C infection, it is known that a T-cell response remains still over the years, although the antibodies in some patients undetectable.”

Many open questions

The role of the white blood cells in the fight against Covid-19 and if you can, for example, affect the course of the disease positively, however, is still unclear. “Further unanswered questions concern the duration of any immune protection by T-memory cells against subsequent Re-infections, and whether in developing vaccines, in addition to antibodies and effective T-cell responses inducing” stresses Andreas mountain Thaler, head of the research group on Viral pathogenesis at the CeMM research Institute.

A Impfkandidat the University of Oxford seems to do this, such as a recently in the journal “The Lancet” published a study suggests. In the blood of test persons of both antibodies and specific T were detected in a-cells.

Even if a natural infection, it should not trigger a protective immune response of the body against the Coronavirus, this could still afford the vaccination. The immune responses were to be compared to “only partially” with each other, so Schulze zur Wiesch.

The Munich-based physicians Clemens Wendtner warns in the current debate around the vaccine-development to be more patient – that a vaccine candidate can actually protect against the Coronavirus, is not ultimately proven yet. “Only if it is determined that a vaccine has been to protect humanity really Covid-19, is achieved the class goal.”

Sources: German center for infection research (DZIF) / quotes according to the Science Media centre

All about Corona


Crusaders start again with a Three-day round-trips

Means against mosquitoes

Spray or room fragrance – protects what is really in front of mosquito bites


To warn of Covid-19: researchers show a 3D model of an infected lung

Bright white Smile

With these whitening methods you can brighten your teeth again

German-Chinese study

The hope on immunity: Corona antibodies, even after months, still active

Corona and herd immunity

25 physicians and researchers from Sweden, appeal to the USA: "The Swedish Weg"

Love and Affairs

As a Divorcee in the Rich neighbourhood: you don’t play, is out

Controversial Vegan Cooking

State Senate bans for Saturday’s planned Demonstration by Attila Hildmann

Due To Corona Crisis

Munich has nearly 800 Parking spaces, in order to create Seating for the restaurant

Body awareness

Attitude of trainer: to contribute to a bracket to an upright posture

Mask, documents, and co.

This Corona rules, you should inform yourself before you travel

Cold time

Unpleasant mucus in the throat: These five tips and home remedies help

Youtube Video

Düsseldorf SPD reaping a lot of criticism for Video with Farid Bang – Jewish community is "erstaunt"


Make-up and moisturiser in one: For whom is CC cream suitable?


The most important data to the Coronavirus: Lockdown emergency brake, R-value, Infected


To warn of Covid-19: researchers show a 3D model of an infected lung

Vila Formosa Cemetery

Drone images show: So fierce the Coronavirus rages in Brazil

German-Chinese study

The hope on immunity: Corona antibodies, even after months, still active

In spite of rising infection numbers

"No danger to the fresh Luft": Tourists make for crowded beaches in France


Coconut oil for ticks: a Natural repellent for humans and animals


Her cough sounds like a Corona? Smartphone App to detect soon


From the Coronavirus surrounded: New York travel broadens restrictions

Broken Tourism

As Iceland struggles to the Corona of a shock to holidaymakers – tempting promise, including

Worrying images from Bulgaria

On the ball man the music is, at the gold beach Party – without the distance or mask


"Even in the crisis management is the USA gespalten"

Afraid of Corona

To many people, to little distance: stretches of beach on the Bay of lübeck locked


Because more and more Corona-the dead: Arizona and Texas heat order for truck bodies

Just to get away from the Big Apple

Close apartments, crowded streets, Many New Yorkers are moving away due to Corona from the city of

In an Interview with Fauci

Zuckerberg attacked Trump-government, and masks-delusion right

Wrong messages to the Corona Virus

How Fake News can expose and how to deal with them

Mexican Artist

Also, Frida Kahlo is wearing a mask